A.I. Copyright Lawsuits

These are the current lawsuits against generative A.I. companies, mostly for the use of copyrighted work in training data. I attend hearings whenever possible and I’ve written about the general legal situation for The Atlantic.

Last update: Jul 1, 2024

Artists

  1. Andersen v. Stability AI, Midjourney, Runway, DeviantArt (ND California) filed Jan 13, 2023. Use of art (LAION-5B, LAION-400M) to train diffusion models (Stable Diffusion, Midjourney).

  2. Zhang v. Google (ND California) filed Apr 26, 2024. Use of art (LAION-400M) to train diffusion model (Imagen).

Writers

  1. Tremblay v. OpenAI (ND California) filed Jun 28, 2023. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (ChatGPT).

  2. Kadrey v. Meta (ND California) filed Jul 7, 2023. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (Llama).

  3. Silverman v. OpenAI (ND California) filed Jul 7, 2023. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (ChatGPT). Consolidated with Tremblay v. OpenAI.

  4. Chabon v. OpenAI (ND California) filed Sep 8, 2023. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (ChatGPT). Consolidated with Tremblay v. OpenAI.

  5. Chabon v. Meta (ND California) filed Sep 12, 2023. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (Llama). Consolidated with Kadrey v. Meta.

  6. Authors Guild v. OpenAI (SD New York) filed Sep 19, 2023. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (ChatGPT).

  7. Huckabee v. Meta, Microsoft, Bloomberg, EleutherAI (SD New York) filed Oct 17, 2023. Use of books (Books3) to train LLMs (Llama, BloombergGPT). Case against EleutherAI was voluntarily dismissed Dec 26, 2023.

  8. Alter v. OpenAI, Microsoft (SD New York) filed Nov 21, 2023. Use of books (BooksCorpus) to train LLM (ChatGPT). Consolidated with Authors Guild v. OpenAI.

  9. Basbanes v. Microsoft, OpenAI (SD New York) filed Jan 5, 2024. Use of nonfiction books (Books3) to train LLM (ChatGPT). Consolidated with Authors Guild v. OpenAI.

  10. O’Nan v. Databricks (ND California) filed Mar 8, 2024. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (MPT).

  11. Nazemian v. NVIDIA (ND California) filed Mar 8, 2024. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (NeMo Megatron–GPT).

  12. Dubus v. NVIDIA (ND California) filed May 2, 2024. Use of books (Books3) to train LLM (NeMo Megatron–GPT).

Publishers

  1. Getty Images v. Stability AI (Delaware) filed Feb 3, 2023. Use of images to train diffusion model (Stable Diffusion).

  2. New York Times v. Microsoft (SD New York) filed Dec 27, 2023. Use of news articles to train LLM (ChatGPT). Complaint shows memorization of plaintiff’s work.

  3. The Intercept v. OpenAI (SD New York) filed Feb 28, 2024. Use of news articles (WebText, WebText2, Common Crawl) to train LLM (ChatGPT).

  4. Raw Story Media v. OpenAI (SD New York) filed Feb 28, 2024. Use of news articles (WebText, WebText2, Common Crawl) to train LLM (ChatGPT).

  5. Daily News v. Microsoft (SD New York) filed Apr 30, 2024.

  6. Center for Investigative Reporting v. OpenAI (SD New York) filed Jun 27, 2024. Use of news articles (WebText and WebText2) to train LLM (ChatGPT).

Record Labels

  1. Universal Music Group v. Anthropic (ND California) filed Oct 18, 2023. Use of song lyrics to train LLM (Claude). Complaint shows memorization of plaintiff’s work.

  2. RIAA v. Suno and Udio (SD New York) filed Jun 24, 2024. Use of songs to train audio-generating models.

Programmers

  1. Doe v. GitHub, Microsoft, OpenAI (ND California) filed Nov 3, 2022. Removal of required attribution from code used for LLM (ChatGPT) training, unfair competition, privacy violations.

Other Cases of Interest

Landmark Fair Use Cases (Historical)

These are cases that contribute to modern interpretations of fair use. Opinions vary on their relevance to training generative A.I. models.

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